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2013 International Women’s Day

Mar 8, 2013
Years ago Madison Principal  and Latino Heritage board member, Sandra Macis, established the Cesar Chavez Art and Essay Contest.  It seemed fitting that we would modify the contest to better reflect the work done by Cesar and Dolores by renaming the contest and adding material that was pertinent to her life.

d759040261 2013 Si Se Puede art and     poster reduced general 2013 International Womens Day  photo


Here is a brief but fairly inclusive timeline.  I think you’ll see why it seemed a good idea to include her and to recognize her on this day.

April 10, 1930  
Born in Dawson, New Mexico to Juan Fernandez and Alicia Chávez Fernandez.

1933-1950   
Dolores’ parents divorce.  Alicia Fernandez and family move to Stockton CA.  Her mother has several jobs – at a cannery, as a waitress, managing a restaurant.  Alicia Chavez eventually owns a boarding house.

1938-1948
Dolores enjoys school, has dance lessons and is a Girl Scout.

1950-1953
Marriage to Ralph Head.

1948-1955
Earns an Associate Teaching Degree and teaches at elementary school level.  

1955
Dolores left teaching and co-founded Community Sevice Organization, Stockton Chapter.  The focus is on increasing voter registration.

1960
Helped found the Agriculatural Worker’s  Association.  Juerta was instrumental in the passage of legislation that allowed for Spanish language ballots and driver’s licenese tests.
Csar Chavez becomes General Director of the CSO; Dolores Huerta his assistant.

1961
Chavez and Huerta resign from CSO becuase it didn’t focu on Farm Labor organizing.

1962
Chavez and Huerta establish NFWA in Fresno.  She serves as First Vice President until 1999.
Union has first convention of 211 members.

September 16, 1965
NFWA votes to join Filipino workers on strike; grape boycott begins.

1965
Dolores directed national boycott during the Delano grape strike.  More than 5,000 grape workers were involved.

Spring 1966
A 340 mile pilgrimage is made from Delano to Sacramento to draw attention to farm worker’s cause.

April 1966
DiGiorgio grape boycott begins, Huerta was chief negotiator

1967
The NFWA combines with the AWA to create the United Farm Worker’s Organizing Committee.

May 18, 1969
March from Coachella to Calexico draws attention to cause and increases particiaption as it passes through the area; work crews leave the field to join the march.

1970
Headquarters moved to La Paz, CA from Delano, CA.

July 15, 1970
26 growers in Delano sign contractswith UFW.

July 30, 1970
Lettuce strike begins, conflict with Teamsters.

June 1973
Dolores helps to organize the second grape strike.

July 30, 1973
Gallo boycott and strike.

August 14, 1973
Nergi Daifullah killed, first martyr of UFW.

august 16, 1973
UFW member, Juan de la Cruz is shot to death.

1973-1975
Harris Poll reports 17 million Americans boycott grapes.

1974
Dolores with founding of the Coalition for Labor Union Women.

June 5, 1975
Huerta is chief lobbyist for the Agricultural Labor Relations Act: first time farm workers can organize and bargain for better wages.

May 1976
Proposition 14 drive gets 719,000 signatures and passes, forcing funding of the Farm Labor Board.

March 10, 1977
Teamsters withdraw from farm labor organizing; a pact is signed with the UFW.

February 1979
Rufino Contreras killed in Imperial Valley; moratorium for strike last for 25 days.

1984
California State Senate bestows Outstanding Labor Leader Award to DoloresHuerta.

1988
Dolores is severely injured at a peaceful demonstration; several ribs are broken and her spleen is destroyed by San Francisco Police baton strikes.  She nearly dies.  Crowd control policy is revised as result.

1993
Dolores is inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame.  She receives awards from the ACLU, Eugen V. Degs Foundation, and the Ellis Island Medal of Freedom.  
Cesar Chavez dies, Dolores delivers eulogy.

The following are founded as a result of their work:
Robert Kennedy Medical Plan, Juan dela Cruz Farm Workers Pension Fund, Farm Workers Credit Union.  They also formed the National Farm Workers Communication – Spanish language radio stations.

1998
President Clinton bestows the U.S. Eleanor Roosevelt Human Rights Award.

1999
Dolores resigns as Vice President of the UFW.

2000
Huerta suffers a tear in her aorta, is hospitalized for weeks, returns to work.

2001 
She is recipient of the James Smithson Bicentennial Medal, recognizing “distinguishe contribution to the advancement of areas of interest to the Smithsonian.

2002
Dolores is recipient of the Puffin Nation, Prize for Creative Citizenship.  She donates $100,000 to establish the Dolores Huerta Foundation.
Marches 165 miles from Merced to Sacramento, during summer, in support of a bill granting farme workers increased bargaining power.

2003-2004
Serves as University of California Regent
May 29, 2012
Dolores Huerta receives the Medal of Freedom from President Obama.




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